Diabetes may damage your kidneys, also called chronic kidney disease (CKD). CKD is the second leading cause of kidney failure in adults.
Over time, high blood sugar from diabetes causes damage to the tiny filters in your kidneys. This makes them lose their ability to filter waste out of your blood.
What is Type 2 diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes is a chronic (long-term) illness that can be managed through healthy eating, exercising, and taking medications. It affects everyone differently, but the goal is to keep your blood sugar levels within a safe range and reduce your risk of getting serious health problems.
Your pancreas makes a hormone called insulin that helps your cells turn glucose, or sugar, from the food you eat into energy. But people with type 2 diabetes have trouble using it well, so the glucose builds up in their blood instead of going into their cells.
Doctors don’t know what causes this problem, but it seems to be linked to a variety of things. These include family history, aging, and episodic illnesses that can cause your body to be more resistant to insulin.
If you have type 2 diabetes, you may need to take a combination of pills and insulin to help control your blood sugar level. Your doctor will also recommend changes to your diet and exercise routine that can help you manage your diabetes and stay healthy.
What are the Causes of Type 2 diabetes?
The two main causes of kidney damage related to diabetes are high blood pressure and uncontrolled blood sugar levels. If you have both, your doctor may suggest medication to lower your blood pressure and help prevent kidney damage.
The kidneys filter your blood, help remove waste from your body and control fluid balance. Over time, they become damaged in people with type 2 diabetes because of their poor ability to keep their blood glucose levels under control.
Your kidneys are made up of hundreds of thousands of tiny units called nephrons. When these structures get damaged, they start to leak and protein (albumin) passes into your urine.
Over time, this buildup of protein in the blood can damage your kidneys. You can lower your risk of developing kidney disease by controlling your blood sugar levels and having your blood pressure, cholesterol, and triglyceride levels checked regularly by your doctor.
What are the symptoms of Type 2 diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes can damage many major organs, including your heart, blood vessels, nerves, eyes and kidneys. It is also linked to an increased risk of developing other serious chronic diseases.
Managing your blood sugar and controlling your high blood pressure can help prevent or delay kidney problems that are related to diabetes. This includes keeping your blood glucose levels as close to the level your doctor recommends, taking medications for high blood pressure (if needed) and limiting sodium and protein in your diet.
Another way to prevent or slow diabetes-related kidney damage is by managing your weight. Increasing physical activity, eating less saturated fat and sugar and avoiding smoking can help lower your weight.
Having both diabetes and high blood pressure increases your chances of developing nephropathy, or kidney disease. It progresses in five stages until it causes kidney failure, or end-stage renal disease (ESRD).
Is type 2 diabetes harmful to the kidney?
Your kidneys help control blood pressure, regulate fluid balance, and remove waste products. They also keep your bones healthy and help your body absorb calcium.
Having diabetes is a risk factor for chronic kidney disease (CKD). The disease usually develops years before a person is aware of any symptoms.
In diabetic nephropathy, the kidneys’ small units called nephrons gradually become scarred over time and leak more protein than is normal into the urine. This can cause severe kidney damage.
Early diagnosis and treatment can slow or stop this damage. A doctor may check a patient’s urine to see if protein is in large amounts, and perform blood tests to check how well the kidneys are functioning.
Tight blood glucose control, along with controlling high blood pressure and cholesterol, is the best way to prevent diabetes-related kidney damage. If tight control is not enough, your doctor may prescribe a medication called a sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitor (SGLT2) to increase the amount of glucose removed from your urine. This drug can help people with type 2 diabetes and CKD reduce their risk of developing microalbuminuria.
Is semaglutide cure type 2 diabetes?
Semaglutide is a type of medicine called a glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist (GLP-1 RA). It helps to control blood sugar levels by stimulating insulin secretion, reducing glucagon secretion when blood glucose is high, and slowing the speed at which your stomach empties.
This is because it mimics the action of GLP-1. It also helps to decrease fat buildup in your body and prevent you from becoming obese.
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It can be used alone or with other medicines to help people control their blood sugar. It is injected once a week, usually without regard to meals.
When taken together with diet and exercise, it can reduce your risk of developing kidney problems or other health complications. However, it may increase your risk of pancreatitis, a condition that causes inflammation in the pancreas.
In addition, it can help to reduce your risk of developing a heart attack or other serious cardiovascular problems. Several clinical trials have confirmed the cardiovascular safety of this drug and demonstrated reductions in major cardiovascular events. These findings support the use of semaglutide for patients with obesity and type 2 diabetes, as well as other patients who are at increased cardiovascular risk.
Risk Factor of Type 2 diabetes
The risk of developing Type 2 diabetes depends on many factors, including age, ethnicity, family history, and lifestyle habits. Some factors, such as smoking and obesity, are out of your control, but others, such as your diet and exercise, can help prevent the onset of diabetes.
Your kidneys are a vital part of your body, helping to remove extra fluid from your blood and excess sugar. They also play a role in blood pressure regulation and hormone production.
High glucose levels can damage the blood vessels in your kidneys, which means that they don’t work as effectively. Over time, this can lead to kidney disease (nephropathy).
Early diagnosis of nephropathy can help prevent it from progressing. People with prediabetes or type 2 diabetes should be tested for kidney function each year. They are more likely to have kidney problems than people without diabetes, and early detection can help them live longer.
- Diabetes can affect your kidneys in several ways. You may need to get your blood pressure checked and urine tested regularly to find out if your kidneys are working properly.
- The kidneys are tiny structures that filter your blood, help remove waste from your body and control fluid balance. Damage to these filters is a common complication of type 2 diabetes.
- When diabetes isn’t well controlled, these filters can leak protein and other substances that should stay in your body. This is called diabetic nephropathy.
- To prevent this, it’s important to control your blood sugar, avoid smoking and manage your weight. Also, exercise more and eat healthy foods.
- You’ll need to get your blood pressure, urine, and other tests checked regularly by your doctor. These tests can catch problems early and show you what needs to be done to prevent or slow kidney disease.
- Having a good diet can also help your kidneys. Make sure to eat foods that don’t contain high levels of saturated fats, salt, and sugar. And drink lots of water.